Matthew Jackson

Associate Professor

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Webb 2012


Geochemistry and Igneous Petrology



Professor Jackson uses the isotopic and chemical composition of lavas erupted at plume-fed hotspot volcanoes to gain insight into the make-up of the Earth’s deep interior. In particular, he is interested in understanding the origins (recycling of subducted material, metasomatism, etc) and length scales (hemispheric to micron-scale) of heterogeneities in the mantle. He employs innovative in situ techniques to get at the composition of lavas, phenocrysts and the melt inclusions they host. Owing to the diversity of hotspots in the region, fieldwork in Polynesia plays an integral role in Professor Jackson’s research.


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Submitted Manuscript (*Jackson grad student, **Jackson undergrad student)

30.  Jackson, M.G., and Jellinek, A.M., Major and trace element composition the high 3He/4He ("FOZO") mantle:  Implications for the composition of the bulk silicate Earth. Submitted to G-cubed, February 2013.


Submitted Manuscripts in Revision

29.  Papineau, D.,  B.T. De Gregorio, D. Foustoukos, E. Hauri, A.L. David Kilcoyne, G. McMahon, L. Nittler, Z. She, M.G. Jackson. Organic matter associated with apatite as ingredients for life on Mars. In review at Nature, October 2012
28.  Harpp, K., P. Hall, M.G. Jackson. Galapagos and Easter:  A tale of two hotspots. In review at Geology, October 2012

Manuscripts Accepted or In Press

27. Cabral, R.A.*, M.G. Jackson, E.F. Rose-Koga, K.T. Koga, M.J. Whitehouse, J. Farquhar, J.M.D. Day, E.H. Hauri. Recycling of subducted Archean crust from mass-independent sulfur in oceanic hotspot lavas.  Accepted at Nature, January 2012.

Published Manuscripts

26. Herzberg, C., P. Asimow, D. Ionov, C. Vidito, M.G. Jackson, and D. Geist, Evidence for a long-lived basal magma ocean from coupled helium and nickel systematics in intraplate basalts.  Nature, 2013.
25.  Jackson, M.G., D. Weis, and S. Huang (2012), Major element variations in Hawaiian shield lavas:  Source features and perspectives from global ocean island basalt (OIB) systematics. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. (G-cubed) 13, doi:10.1029/2012GC004268.
24.  Payne**, J.A., Jackson, M.G., Hall, P.S. En echelon volcanism and geochemical asymmetry at the Societies hotspot.  Geology, 2013.
23.  Jackson, M.G., Carlson, R.W., Homogeneous superchondritic 142Nd/144Nd in the mid-ocean ridge basalt and ocean island basalt mantle.  Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 2012.
22.  Konter, J.G., and M.G. Jackson (2012), Tremendous volumes of rejuvenated volcanism in Samoa:  Evidence supporting a tectonic influence on late-stage volcanism.   Geochem., Geophys., Geosyst., 2012.   
21.  Jackson, M.G., S. Shirey (2011), Re-Os systematics in Samoan shield lavas and the use of Os-isotopes in olivine phenocrysts to determine primary magmatic compositions.  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 312, 91-101.
20. Huang, S., P.S. Hall, M.G. Jackson (2011), Geochemical patterns among en echelon volcanic chains at Pacific hotspots.  Nature Geoscience 4, 874-878. doi:10.1038/NGEO1263.
19Jackson, M.G., R. Carlson (2011), An ancient recipe for flood basalt genesis.  Nature 476, 316-319.  
18. Koppers, A.A.P., J. A. Russell, J. Roberts, M.G. Jackson, J. Konter, Dawn J. Wright, H. Staudigel, S. R. Hart (2011), Age systematics of two young en echelon Samoan volcanic trails. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. (G-cubed).  doi:10.1029/2010GC003438
17.  Jackson, M.G., S.R. Hart, J.G. Konter, A.A.P. Koppers, H. Staudigel, M.D. Kurz, J. Blusztajn, J.M. Sinton (2010), The Samoan hotspot track on a “hotspot highway”: Implications for mantle plumes and a deep Samoan mantle source. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. (G-cubed), doi:10.1029/2010GC003232

16.  Jackson, M.G., R. Carlson, M.D. Kurz, P.D. Kempton, D. Francis, and J. Blusztajn (2010).  Evidence for the survival of the oldest terrestrial mantle reservoir, Nature 466, 853-856.

15.  Dasgupta, R., M.G. Jackson, and C.-T.A. Lee (2010). Major element chemistry of ocean island basalts - conditions of mantle melting and heterogeneity of mantle source. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 289, 377-392.

14.     Jackson, M.G., M.D. Kurz, and S.R. Hart (2009).   Helium and neon isotopes in phenocrysts from Samoan lavas:  Evidence for heterogeneity in the terrestrial high 3He/4He mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 287, 519-528.

13.     Jackson, M.G., S.R. Hart, N. Shimizu and J. Blusztajn (2009). Pervasive cpx-whole rock isotopic disequilibrium in Polynesian hotspot lavas:  Evidence supporting isotopic variability in olivine and clinopyroxene-hosted melt inclusions.  Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. 10, Q03006, doi:10.1029/2008GC002324.

12.  Jackson, M.G. and R. Dasgupta (2008), Compositions of HIMU, EM1, and EM2 from Global Trends between Radiogenic Isotopes and Major Elements in Ocean Island Basalts, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 276, 175-186.

11.  Workman, R.K., S.R. Hart, J.M. Eiler and M.G. Jackson (2008), Oxygen isotopes in Samoan lavas: confirmation of continent recycling.  Geology 36, 551-554.

10.  Koppers, A.A.P., J.A. Russell, M.G. Jackson, J. Konter, H. Staudigel and S.R. Hart (2008).  Samoa reinstated as a primary hotspot trail.  Geology 36, 435-438.

9Jackson, M.G., S.R. Hart, A.E. Saal, N. Shimizu, M.D. Kurz, J. Blusztajn and A. Skovgaard (2008).  Globally elevated titanium, tantalum, and niobium (TITAN) in ocean island basalts with high 3He/4He.  Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. (G-cubed) 9, doi:10.1029/2007GC001876.

8.  Jackson, M.G., S.R. Hart, A.A.P. Koppers, H. Staudigel, J. Konter, J. Blusztajn, M.D. Kurz and J.A. Russell (2007).  The return of subducted continental crust in Samoan lavas.  Nature 448, 684-687.

7Jackson, M.G., M.D. Kurz, S.R. Hart and R.K. Workman (2007).  New Samoan lavas from Ofu Island reveal a hemispherically heterogeneous high 3He/4He mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.264, 360–374.

6.  Courtier, A.M., M.G. Jackson, J.F. Lawrence, Z. Wang, C.-T.A. Lee, R. Halama, J.M. Warren, R. Workman, W. Xu, M.M. Hirschmann, A.M. Larson, S.R. Hart, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, L. Stixrude and W.-P. Chen (2007).  Correlation of seismic and petrologic thermometers suggests deep thermal anomalies beneath hotspots.  Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett. 264, 308–316.

5.  Putirka, K.D., M. Perfit., F.J. Ryerson and M.G. Jackson (2007).  Ambient and excess mantle temperatures, olivine thermometry, and active vs. passive upwelling. Chem. Geol.241, 177-206.

4Jackson, M.G. and S.R. Hart (2006). Strontium isotopes in melt inclusions from Samoan basalts:  Implications for heterogeneity in the Samoan plume. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 245, 260-277.

3Jackson, M.G., N. Oskarsson, R.G. Trønnes, J.F. McManus, D.W. Oppo, K. Grönvold, S.R. Hart and J.P. Sachs (2005). Holocene loess deposition in Iceland: Evidence for millennial-scale atmosphere-ocean coupling in the North Atlantic. Geology 33, 509-512.

2.  Workman, R.K., S.R. Hart, M.G. Jackson, M. Regelous, K.A. Farley, J. Blusztajn and M. Kurz (2004). Recycled metasomatised lithosphere as the origin of the Enriched Mantle II (EM2) end-member:  Evidence from the Samoan Volcanic Chain. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. (G-cubed), 5, doi:10.1029/2003GC000623.

1.  Hart, S.R., H. Staudigel, A.A.P. Koppers, J. Blusztajn, E.T. Baker, R. Workman, M.G. Jackson, E. Hauri, M. Kurz, K. Sims, D. Fornari, A. Saal and S. Lyons (2001).  Vailulu’u undersea volcano:  The new Samoa. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. (G-cubed), 1, doi:10.1029/2000GC000108.