Speakers Club: Josh Garber

Event Date: 

Thursday, January 19, 2017 - 2:00pm

Event Location: 

  • Webb 1100

Title:  Why Does Some Subducted Continental Crust Escape Deformation and Transformation?

Abstract: Titanite geochemistry and geochronology from the Western Gneiss Region (WGR) of Norway shows that large portions of continental crust were deeply subducted and exhumed without significantly deforming or transforming, indicating heterogeneous mechanical behavior of crust at mantle depths. Titanite is stable in granitic rocks over a significant P-T range, and contains numerous major, minor, and trace elements that record 1) P-T conditions, 2) interactions with other major and accessory phases, and 3) information about the composition of coeval melts and fluids. A large titanite LA-ICP-MS dataset from WGR granitic gneisses and leucosomes yields a record that depends strongly on textural setting: some titanites formed after the decomposition of other phases at mantle depths, but other titanites preserve inherited isotopic dates and chemistry with variable recrystallization at grain rims. Differences in rock textures, as well as changes in volatile abundances (F and OH) among different titanite populations, suggest that the persistence of crustal minerals at mantle depths is coupled with limited prograde fluid infiltration, which restricted the efficacy of metamorphic reactions, likely increased rock strength, and caused heterogeneities in the density of the subducting slab. The observed expanses of untransformed, undeformed granitic crust may have been critical to coupling the continental crust to underlying mantle lithosphere, which prevented significant internal deformation of the slab (e.g,. Young et al., 2007; Butler et al., 2015). Finally, our statistical approach shows the utility of dimensional reduction in geochemical studies: rather than comparing individual element or isotopic abundances or ratios, principal components or discriminant analyses can condense variables and help efficiently distinguish between distinct geologic agents or geochemical reservoirs.